Laminating glass is one of Daedalian Glass Studios most versatile product offerings due to the multitude of materials at our disposal. Examples of materials used as interlayers in our laminated glass designs are:
· fabrics · wood veneers · stone veneers · metal mesh · metal leaf
· wire mesh · digital prints · coloured films · handmade papers
Beyond the additional design possibilities, laminating glass offers several key benefits such as increased thermal insulation, shading, and increased safety as laminated glass panels hold together even when shattered.
In this blog we will focus on the EVA (ethylene-vinyl acetate) lamination of fabrics. Firstly, the above picture shows a lightweight voile fabric laminated between glass and was taken at a private residence in London. Voile fabric is by far the most popular type of fabric we use and is available in a large range of colours and shades. The brief for this project was to create a dividing glass wall and door between the gym and pool areas of the room – allowing limited vision and natural light through whilst providing clearly separated spaces.
Increasing the design complexity slightly, here E003 Snow and E010 Slate coloured ruched fabrics were layered and carefully placed to create a patterned design of varying densities. To complete these doors, glass handles were cut, polished and bonded to the doors.
Bonding can also be used to add surface textures such as signage. The above picture shows laminated design (created for David Linley) using a single layer of fabric with a vertical weave and the company logo bonded to the surface. Taking this technique further, glass such as fused or cast pieces can be bonded to the surface to create a 3D textured design.
Within the design, multiple layers of fabric can also be combined to create contrasting of fading designs. This picture, taken from a jewelers re-fit, shows nine layers of sheer fabric – overlaid with the material becoming increasingly denser towards the base. The frayed edges were also folded over and laid out flat along with pleats ironed into the fabric to create double layered flecks of contrast.
As a final piece of detailing within this design, fused and sandblasted butterflies and dragonflies were added to the front face of the glass. Etching on the front surface allows fine details to be integrated into the laminated glass design whilst etching on the rear face can add a greater level of depth and perspective.
Design depth and perspective can also be created through the use of contrasting interlayers. This splashback was designed to sit behind a bathroom sink uses metallic knit and metal mesh layered over ruched sheer fabric. Additionally, a mirrored back surface has been used to create a greater feeling of depth to the design.
So far all these designs have been relatively see-through. Of course, sometimes this is simply not suitable due to privacy needs. In these cases, a milky EVA (lamination agent) can be used to control the transparency of the glass – the result being a dense yet translucent glass enclosure that allows natural light to pass through while also allowing for privacy. The above picture is of shower and toilet cubicles at a private house in Lancashire. Here the owned was keen to allow natural light to pass through so that the spaces were not too dark but did not wish to see through. This brief was fulfilled by laminating two layers of white ruched fabric using a milky EVA to control the transparency of the partitions.
The technical limitations when creating laminated glass panels are that our laminating kiln can fit panels measuring 1.5 metres by 3 metres. In terms of thickness, we have laminated fabrics before in our studio that range from a negligible thickness up to around 50mm thick. The glass that is used to laminate this fabric can range from 4mm to 19mm in thickness and both sides do not need to be the same.