A process that involves molten glass being directed into a mould where it solidifies into a desired shape. At Daedalian Glass Studios, the majority of cast glass is creating by melting the glass in a kiln and directing it into a plaster mould – allowing for extremely intricate designs to be created on the surface of the glass.
Etched glass (or sandblasted glass) is created by making small abrasions on any surface of glass. These abrasions can be made by various tools such as a sandblasting machine or a hand held flex drive – creating a frosted effect. Multi-depth etching can be used to create a 3D effect.
Fused glass is separate pieces of glass that have been heat bonded together. This is done by layering either multiple pieces of glass, glass frit, or glass powders and heating (through a process of raising and holding the kiln temperatures at various steps) until the glass pieces are bonded together.
Kiln formed glass (or warm glass) refers to any glass produced through the process of heating within a kiln. Curved glass slumping, fused glass, and cast glass all fall under the category of kiln formed and are produced with the kiln at various temperature levels.
Laminated glass is produced through the use of ethylene-vinyl acetate (EVA) as an interlayer. The process of laminating glass forms a safety glass – holding together even when shattered. Additionally, foreign objects such as fabrics, metals, wood veneer, stone veneer, paper, etc. can be placed between the glass to form both functional and decorative panel designs.
Painted glass refers to any form of glass that is painted on the front or back face. Whilst back painting is most common, as the glass acts as a protective shield, the paint is sometimes applied to the front. An example of this is when gold paint is used to add detailing to a design such as etched glass.
Traditionally, stained glass refers to an ornate form of leaded lights (such as the style created for church windows) whereas leaded lights are more plain (such as those used in domestic or commercial use). These are popular in period buildings as they preserve the traditional design.